3rd Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health
Venue: Kuala Lumpur Date: 17 to 21 November 2005
Theme: "Expanded and Comprehensive Response in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) for All Communities"
Examine relevant current issues that have arisen since the last International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and beyond, with special reference to the Asia Pacific Region.
The Declaration of the APCRSH 2005, Kuala Lumpur was jointly drafted by a group comprising members of the ISC and coordinated by Prof. Dr Jay Satia, ICOMP, Malaysia. Prior to the drafting of the constitution, participants were encouraged to provide input into the Declaration. Participants and donors were then invited to review and provide further comments/suggestions to the Draft Declaration before it was finalised for presentation.
The Declaration of APCRSH 2005, Kuala Lumpur is as follows:
The leaders at the World Summit 2005 committed to: “achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015, as set out at the International Conference on Population and Development, integrating this goal in strategies to attain the internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration, aimed at reducing maternal mortality, improving maternal health, reducing child mortality, promoting gender equality, combating HIV/AIDS and eradicating poverty.” (para 57 g).
We, the Conference participants welcome and share this commitment. This will require implementation of sexual and reproductive rights. Anything less will fail to address key challenges facing our societies. Therefore, we commit ourselves to advocate for inclusion of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in national and local policies, plans and budgets, including strategies for achieving the MDGs, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. Development of health systems and health sector reforms should not deprive people of their rights and access to affordable SRH services.
We will work with the government authorities and civil society including media, NGOs and the private sector to ensure that life-
We will advocate for the availability, accessibility and affordability of the widest possible range of contraceptives including emergency contraception. We will strongly promote male and female condoms for dual protection as well as the improved management of sexually transmitted diseases. We will be alert to the safety of medications and procedures for SRH used by people in our countries. We will especially support initiatives to make pregnancy and childbirth safe, and promote proper breastfeeding practices.
We note that an increasing number of countries have legalized abortion and are actively promoting safe methods of pregnancy termination. Nonetheless women throughout the region remain at risk of illness or death due to unsafe abortion. We will work to promote services to eliminate the harm caused by unsafe abortion while respecting the laws of countries.
We will work to change those norms and masculine roles and behaviours that maintain gender inequities. In this we recognise the special responsibility that men have in promoting equity. We will advocate for respectful, responsible, pleasurable and safer sexual behaviours. We will campaign for zero tolerance of violence against women, and exploitation of women and children.
In SRHR education and services, we will seek to acknowledge the special needs and rights of marginalized and vulnerable groups including migrants, ethnic minorities and people with disabilities. We will work to end stigma and discrimination and promote social justice for all in each of our countries.
We will foster closer linkages between HIV/AIDS and SRHR policies and programmes. In solidarity with people living with HIV/AIDS we will advocate for effective prevention, affordable ARV treatment and comprehensive care programs to address the epidemic.
We fully acknowledge and recognize the Young People’s Declaration which calls for respect of their reproductive and sexual rights regardless of marital status. We will work together to mobilize meaningful youth participation in SRHR policies and programs.
We recommend that the organizers of this and the next APCRSH carry forward this declaration in full partnership with youth and report on the progress of our commitments to the next APCRSH.
DOWNLOAD:3rd DECLARATION OF APCRSH 2005 Kuala Lumpur.pdf